Location of the Forst vineyards
The character of a vineyard is determined among other things by the soil with its thermal and hydrological characteristics and by climatic factors. In addition to the significance of the macro-climate the microclimatic conditions (differences in radiation, atmospheric cooling, wind pressure) play a decisive role. These in heir turn are dependent on the topography and landform (gradient and direction of slope, exposition). All these factors affect the development of the grapes and ultimately nature's part in the quality of the wine.
The basalt found in the soils around Forst acts as a thermal reservoir which radiates warmth slowly during the night and thus reduces the daily variations in temperature. In addition, these well-ventilated soils which warm up quickly allow the development of fruity wines rich in minerals and extracts.
Way back in 1828, the King of Bavaria, who ruled the Palatinate at the time, had a soil survey conducted of all vineyards. The top Forst vineyards achieved the highest points score between 55 and 65. One particular vineyard, the Forster Kirchenstück, scored the maximum possible 65 points.